Privacy is the ability of an individual or group to keep their lives and personal affairs out of public view, or to control the flow of information about themselves.[3]

Privacy is distinct and separate from Security.

Privacy implies Confidentiality

Privacy is sometimes related to anonymity although it is often most highly valued by people who are publicly known. Privacy can be seen as an aspect of security—one in which trade-offs between the interests of one group and another can become particularly clear vs IDM The User Dilemma

Simple Philosophies#

"There’s a simple philosophy around privacy — a system should only know as much about you as it needs to for that application." Nymi founder Karl Martin

"Privacy, a core American value, is not a partisan thing. Democrats fight for it and Republicans fight for it too, maybe even more. So I am very shocked that the Republican party has managed to suggest that it should be trashed; if anyone follows up on this direction, there will be a massive pushback – and there must be a massive pushback!" Tim Berners-Lee

A Taxonomy of Privacy [1]#

Daniel J. Solove, George Washington University Law School, in his paper A Taxonomy of Privacy states: Privacy is a concept in disarray. Nobody can articulate what it means. As one commentator has observed, privacy suffers from an embarrassment of meanings. Privacy is far too vague a concept to guide adjudication and lawmaking, as abstract incantations of the importance of privacy do not fare well when pitted against more concretely-stated countervailing interests.

He goes on and identifies 16 different activities that could qualify for Privacy.

The Economics of Privacy[2]#

The Economics of Privacy is an academic paper which concludes:

Personal information has both private and commercial value, and often (though not always) exploiting its commercial value entails a reduction in private utility and sometimes even in social welfare overall. Consumers have good reasons to be concerned about unauthorized commercial application of their private information. Use of individual data may subject an individual to a variety of personally costly practices, including price discrimination in retail markets, quantity discrimination in insurance and credit markets, spam, and risk of identity theft, in addition to the disutility inherent in just not knowing who knows what or how they will use it in the future. Personal data — like all information after all — is easily stored, replicated, and transferred, and regulating its acquisition and dissemination is a challenging undertaking for individuals and governments alike.

Privacy Sites#

Some Privacy Sites can help try to maintain personal Privacy

More Information#

There might be more information for this subject on one of the following:

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