Overview#Proxy Server is a server (a computer system or an application) that acts as an intermediary for requests from clients seeking resources from other servers.
A client connects to the Proxy Server, requesting some service, such as a file, connection, web page, or other resource available from a different server and the Proxy Server evaluates the request and determines which server to connect the client.
- A Proxy Server that passes requests and responses unmodified is usually called a gateway or sometimes a tunneling proxy. (SOCKS)
- A forward proxy is an Internet-facing proxy used to retrieve from a wide range of sources (in most cases anywhere on the Internet).
- A reverse proxy is usually an internal-facing proxy used as a front-end to control and protect access to a server on a private network. A reverse proxy commonly also performs tasks such as load-balancing, authentication, decryption or caching.
- load balancing
- providing single point of entry to a private network
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