Overview#Reasoning is the set of processes that enables us to provide basis for judgement, making decisions, and prediction.
There are broadly two types:
|Inductive Reasoning||Deductive Reasoning|
|It conducts specific observations to makes broad general statements.||It starts with a general statement and examines the possibilities to reach a specific, logical conclusion.|
|Even if all of the premises are true in a statement, inductive reasoning allows for the conclusion to be false.||If something is true of a class of things in general, it is also true for all members of that class.|
|Example − "Nita is a teacher. All teachers are studious. Therefore, Nita is studious."||Example − "All women of age above 60 years are grandmothers. Shalini is 65 years. Therefore, Shalini is a grandmother."|