Overview#United States Intelligence Community is a federation of 16 separate United States Federal Agencies that work separately and together to conduct intelligence activities considered necessary for the conduct of foreign relations and National Security of the United States.
United States Intelligence Community Member organizations include intelligence agencies, military intelligence, and civilian intelligence and analysis offices within United States Federal Executive Departments.
Among their varied responsibilities, the members of the Community collect and produce foreign and domestic intelligence, contribute to military planning, and perform espionage. The IC was established by Executive Order 12333, signed on December 4, 1981, by U.S. President Ronald Reagan.
The Washington Post reported in 2010 that there were 1,271 government Entity and 1,931 private companies in 10,000 locations in the United States that are working on counterterrorism, homeland security, and intelligence Assessment, and that the United States Intelligence Community as a whole includes 854,000 people holding top-secret clearances. According to a 2008 study by the Office of the United States Director of National Intelligence, private contractors make up 29% of the workforce in the U.S. intelligence community and account for 49% of their personnel budgets.