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ADA Amendments Act of 2008

Overview#

ADA Amendments Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-325, ADAAA) is an Act of Congress and a Civil Rights law, effective January 1, 2009, that amended the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) and other disability nondiscrimination laws at the United States federal government level of the United States.

ADA Amendments Act of 2008 was a response to a number of decisions by the United States Supreme Court that had interpreted the original text of the ADA. Because members of the United States Congress viewed those decisions as limiting the rights of persons with disabilities, the ADA Amendments Act of 2008 effectively reversed those decisions by changing the law.

ADA Amendments Act of 2008 requires that courts interpreting the ADA and other United States federal government disability nondiscrimination laws focus on whether the covered entity has discriminated, rather than whether the individual seeking the law's protection has an impairment that fits within the technical definition of the term "disability." The Act retains the ADA's basic definition of "disability" as an impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities; a record of such an impairment; or being regarded as having such an impairment. However, it changes the way that the statutory terms should be interpreted.

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