Consent is defined as "no objections".

Consent means that one has an opportunity to present a "reasoned no". Consent does not require a yes, an affirmation, nor does it imply unanimity or full agreement.

Consent may vary based on context and/or legal jurisdiction

We may use Consent and Authorization interchangeably.

  • to permit, approve, or agree; comply or yield (often followed by to or an infinitive):
  • Archaic. to agree in sentiment, opinion, etc.; be in harmony.
  • permission, approval, or agreement; compliance; acquiescence:
    • He gave his Consent to the marriage.
    • Which is the same as, He Authorized the marriage.
  • agreement in sentiment, opinion, a course of action, etc.:
    • By common Consent he was appointed official delegate.
    • Which is the same as, "he was Authorized as the official delegate.
  • Archaic. accord; concord; harmony.
Consent is agreement or permission to do or allow something.[1] There are several established or being created Consent Standards Frankly, I can not determine a difference (Consent vs Authorization) in Consent and Authorized, Authorise or Authorization other than the noun vs verb thing.
There maybe some narrow legal definitions (think HIPAA) that delineate differences between consent and authorization but in general, they are the same.
Consent under the HIPAA Privacy Rule, an individual's authorization is for the use and disclosure of PHI for research purposes.
The HHS Informed Consent is different than the HIPAA Privacy Rule Consent
There are various Consent Mechanisms There might be more information for this subject on one of the following: