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National Emergencies Act

Overview#

National Emergencies Act (NEA) (Public Law 94–412, 90 Stat. 1255, enacted September 14, 1976, codified at U.S.C. Title 50 § 1601–1651) is a United States Federal Law passed to end all previous national emergencies and to formalize the emergency powers of the President of the United States of America.

National Emergencies Act empowers the President of the United States of America to activate special powers during a crisis but imposes certain procedural formalities when invoking such powers. The perceived need for the law arose from the scope and number of laws granting special powers to the executive in times of United States National emergency. Congress can terminate an national emergency declaration with a joint resolution signed into law.

United States Emergency powers#

United States Congress has delegated at least 136 distinct statutory United States Federal Laws emergency powers to the President of the United States of America, each available upon the declaration of an emergency. Only 13 of these require a declaration from United States Congress ; the remaining 123 are assumed by an executive declaration with no further Congressional input.

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