Overview#Ontology is a formal naming and definition of the types, properties, and interrelationships|relationship] of the entities that really or fundamentally exist for a particular context.
Ontology compartmentalizes the variables needed for some set of computations and establishes the relationships between them. Common Components amongst many Ontologys are:
- Classes (Object Classes)
- Functional Terms
- Rules (or Policy)
Ontology Ldapwiki refers you to Wikipedia: Ontology (information_science)