Pretexting is a form of Social Engineering Attack in which an Attacker lies to obtain Personal data.

A pretext is a false motive.

Pretexting often the attacker appears to be from reputable companies or even Government Entity in order to induce individuals to reveal Sensitive Data or Personally Identifiable Information (PII), such as bank details and credit card numbers

Pretexting often involves a scam where the Attacker pretends to need information in order to confirm the Identification of the person he is talking to or has a relationship with.

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