Reasoning is the set of processes that enables us to provide basis for judgement, making decisions, and prediction.

There are broadly two types:

Inductive ReasoningDeductive Reasoning
It conducts specific observations to makes broad general statements.It starts with a general statement and examines the possibilities to reach a specific, logical conclusion.
Even if all of the premises are true in a statement, inductive Reasoning allows for the conclusion to be false.If something is true of a class of things in general, it is also true for all members of that Classification.
Example − "Nita is a teacher. All teachers are studious. Therefore, Nita is studious."Example − "All women of age above 60 years are grandmothers. Shalini is 65 years. Therefore, Shalini is a grandmother."

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