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Resource Owner Password Credentials Grant

Overview#

Resource Owner Password Credentials Grant (ROPC) Grant Type may be used directly as an Authorization Grant to obtain an Access Token.

Resource Owner Password Credentials Grant is intended for applications for which no other Grant Type works, as it requires your application code to be fully trusted and protected from credential-stealing attacks. Resource Owner Password Credentials Grant is made available primarily to provide a consistent and predictable integration pattern for legacy applications which can't otherwise be updated to a more secure flow such as Authorization Code Flow. This should be your last option, not your first choice.

At a high-level, this flow has the following steps:

The credentials should only be used when there is a high degree of trust between the Resource Owner and the OAuth Client (e.g., the client is part of the device operating system or a highly privileged application), and when other authorization Grant Types are not available.

Some Resource Owner Password Credentials Grant Authorization Server may also return a Refresh Token

Even though this Grant Type requires direct OAuth Client access to the Resource Owner credentials, the Resource Owner credentials are used for a single request and are exchanged for an Access Token. This Grant Type can eliminate the need for the client to store the Resource Owner credentials for future use, by exchanging the credentials with a long-lived Access Token or Refresh Token.[1]

Resource Owner Password Credentials Grant is typically used to convert legacy systems to OAuth 2.0 and no more secure than Basic Authentication Scheme.

Resource Owner Password Credentials Grant is intended to be used when no other Grant Types are available and ONLY when there is a high degree of trust between the Resource Owner and the OAuth Client .

Features#

Token_endpoint#

The OAuth Client sends the request to the token_endpoint of the Authorization Server and includes: A successful response is with Access Token and Refresh Token.

More Information#

There might be more information for this subject on one of the following: