Overview#Terse RDF Triple Language (Turtle) was defined by Dave Beckett as a subset of Tim Berners-Lee and Dan Connolly's Notation3 (N3) language, and a superset of the minimal N-Triples format.
Terse RDF Triple Language is an alternative to RDF/XML, the originally unique syntax and standard for writing RDF. As opposed to RDF/XML, Terse RDF Triple Language does not rely on XML and is generally recognized as being more readable and easier to edit manually than its XML counterpart.
In 2011, a working group of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) started working on an updated version of RDF, with the intention of publishing it along with a standardised version of RDF. The Terse RDF Triple Language specification was published as a W3C recommendation on 25 February 2014