Overview#The Onion Router (Tor) is a proxy intended to enable online anonymity
The Onion Router client software routes Internet traffic through a worldwide volunteer network of servers in order to conceal a user's location or usage from someone conducting network surveillance or traffic analysis.
The Onion Router is intended to protect users' personal freedom, privacy, and ability to conduct confidential business by keeping their internet activities from being monitored. To regulate dark web transactions, administrators set up a feedback system and a banning system. Similar to Amazon's feedback system, buyers can leave feedback for a vendor after completing a transaction. If there is consistent negative feedback or scamming, marketplace regulators have the ability to ban sellers. This is the effect of creating a quality control system that creates a strong disincentive for providing low quality of fraudulent products.
"Onion routing" refers to the layered nature of the encryption service: The original data are encrypted and re-encrypted multiple times, then sent through successive The Onion Router relays, each one of which decrypts a "layer" of encryption before passing the data on to the next relay and ultimately the destination. This reduces the possibility of the original data being unscrambled or understood in transit