Overview#Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR or Soviet Union) was a federal sovereign state in northern Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991 and nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics, its government and economy were highly centralized.
The country was a one-party state, governed by the Communist Party with Moscow as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (Russian SFSR). Other major urban centers were Leningrad, Kiev, Minsk, Tashkent, Alma-Ata, and Novosibirsk. It spanned over 10,000 kilometers (6,200 mi) east to west across 11 time zones, and over 7,200 kilometers (4,500 mi) north to south. It had five climate zones: tundra, taiga, steppes, desert and mountains.
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics dissolution was the process of internal disintegration which began in second half of the 1980s with growing unrest in the national republics and ended on 26 December 1991, when the USSR itself was voted out of existence by the Supreme Soviet, following the Belavezha Accords.
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics consisted of the following Countries: