Overview#United States Director of National Intelligence (DNI) is the United States Cabinet Department within the United States Executive Branch subject to the authority, direction, and control of the President of the United States of America – required by the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 to:
- Serve as head of the sixteen-member United States Intelligence Community,
- Direct and oversee the National Intelligence Program; and
- Serve as an advisor, upon invitation, to the President and his executive offices of the National Security Council, and the Homeland Security Council about intelligence matters related to national security;
United States Director of National Intelligence oversees the United States Intelligence Community
On July 30, 2008, President George W. Bush issued Executive Order 13470, amending Executive Order 12333 to strengthen the United States Director of National Intelligence's role. Further, by Presidential Policy Directive 19 signed by Barack Obama in October 2012, the DNI was given overall responsibility for Intelligence Community whistleblowing and source protection.
Under 50 U.S.C. § 403-3a, "under ordinary circumstances, it is desirable" that either the Director or the Principal Deputy United States Director of National Intelligence be an active-duty commissioned officer in the armed forces or have training or experience in military intelligence activities and requirements. Only one of the two positions can be held by a military officer at any given time. The statute does not specify what rank the commissioned officer will hold during his or her tenure in either position. On July 20, 2010, President Obama nominated retired Lt. (three-star) Gen. James R. Clapper for the position. Clapper was confirmed by the Senate on August 5, 2010, and replaced acting Director David C. Gompert. The prior DNI was retired Navy four-star admiral Dennis C. Blair, whose resignation became effective May 28, 2010.