Vulnerability is a weakness in confidentiality, integrity, Authentication or Authorization or some typically security component which could allow an unfortunate event

Vulnerability can typically have a Classification as one of:

When Vulnerability is used by an Attacker for an attack a Vulnerability is known as an Exploit

When an attack is successful and data is exposed, then this is a Breach or Data Breach

Vulnerability Assessments should yield a prioritized list of vulnerabilities that SHOULD be addressed for "proper" security.

Penetration Tests are designed to achieve a specific, attacker-simulated goal and should be requested by customers who are already at their desired security posture.

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